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Wonders Of Modern Science – Composition

Science is a human product. Every invention of modern science is a wonderful phenomenon. Of all the inventions of modern science, I am going .to discuss a few that surprise me most.

Television is a wonderful’ modern invention. It has lessened both time and distance. Television brings the whole world closer. In television we do not hear news only; we enjoy music, dances, theaters, sports, interviews of great persons, cultural and educational programs etc. with the pictures of the persons who perform those. .The television is a part and parcel of the life- of modem people.

Of all the wonders of modern science, the computer is the most striking to me. It works just like Aladin’s wonderful lamp. It can solve a great problem in the twinkling of an eye. The computer can take very quick and correct decision. With the help of the computer, human beings can hold time in their grips.

The artificial satellite is another wonder of modem science. It is used for a variety of .purposes. Each satellite is: designed for a specific mission. The first artificial satellite named Sputnik-I was sent by Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on 4 October 1957. Satellites are of different types such as weather satellites, earth satellites, communication satellites and navigation satellites. A satellite is sent to move around the axis of the earth. It is placed hundreds or thousands of miles away from the earth’s surface. From there it observes the earth very, efficiently and sends necessary information about related aspects.

The mobile phone is another wonder of modern science. It is one of the latest editions of communication technology. It is a small telephone that can be carried in hand or pocket. It is a miracle that by means of the mobile phone a man walking along a street or riding on a vehicle or shopping in the market or traveling a distant part of the world can speak to his friends or relatives hundreds of miles away and pass valuable information to them. It has proved to be a very important and useful device for all classes of people.

Whatever modern science has invented, are all wonderful. One is not less wonderful than the other.

JSC English 1st Paper Question – Chittagong Board – 2016

English 1st Paper

Subject Code: 107

Chittagong Board,2016

Total Marks – 100

Time : 3 hours

[NB—The Figures in the right margin indicate full marks]

Section A: Reading Test (Seen Passage)

Read the text carefully and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3. 

Nakshi Kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt. The name was taken from the Bengali word, ‘naksha’  Which means artistic pattern.It is a kind of traditional craft and is said to be indigenous to Bangladesh and West Bengal in India. The art has been practised in rural Bengal for centuries. The name ‘Nakshi Kantha’ became popular after the poet Jasimuddin’s poem ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ was published in 1929.

Traditional kanthas are made for family use. Old or new cloth and thread are used to make these are used to make these quilts. Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore are most famous for this craft. Now it is produced commercially. You can find them in many expensive handicraft shops in cities. The quilts are now in great demand because of the colourful patterns and designs embroidered on them. [Unit-1; Lesson-2 (B)]

1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives. (1×5=5)

a) The word ‘Nakshi Kantha’ comes from an/a —— word.

(i) English                 (ii) Bengali                  (iii) Hindi          (iv) Burmese

b) Nowadays ‘Nakshi Kantha’ is produced –

(i) Traditionally     (ii) Nationally     (iii) Commercially          (iv) Normally

c) What does the word ‘Pattern’ mean?

(i) Step by step             (ii)Series    (iii) Artistic design          (iv) Handmade work

d) Where has the art been practised?

(i) Large cities      (ii) Urban area           (iii) Rural area          (iv) Rich family

e) ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ is written by –

(i) Kazi Nazrul Islam              (ii)        Farrukh Ahmed          (iii) Jasimuddin       (iv) Rabindranath

2. Answer the following questions.(2×5=10)

a) What is ‘Nakshi Kantha ?

b) Which districts are. famous for ‘Nakshi Kantha’?

c) When does Nakshi Kantha’ become famous?

d) Why are the quilts now in great demand?

e) What kind of craft is it?

3. Read the passage and summarize it in your own words in about 70 words. (10)

Reading Test (Unseen Passage)

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions 4 and 5.   

John Donne was born in 1573 in London. His father was a rich merchant. He had a name and fame in his circle. But he died in 1576. He was at first educated as Catholic. He entered Oxford in 1584 and left it in 1587. Then he studied at Cambridge for three years. He was removed to London in 1591. He then entered Lincoln’s Inn to study Law in 1592. When Donne came of age, he had a considerable fortune. Donne traveled Italy, Spain and other countries of the continent, between 1594 and 1597. He joined Essex Expedition to Cabiz in 1590. During this time he wrote several poems. His lyrical poetry was mainly the outcome of three years. In 1609 he began to compose his great prose work ‘Pseudo- Martyr’. It was printed in 1610. In 1611 he wrote a satirical prose piece.

4. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. (1×5=5)

Who/WhatEvents/ActivityPlaceYear
Donneentered(i)_________in 1584
Heshifted toLondon(ii) __________
He(iii) ___________Lincon's innin 1592
(iv) ____________travelledItaly, Spain and on the continentbetween 1594 to 1597
John Donne(v) ____________Essex Expedition to Cabizin 1590

5. Read the passage again and write true or false beside the following statements. Give the correct answer for the false statements. (1×5=5)

a) John Donne had studied at Cambridge for three years.

b) He was born in Oxford. .

c) He was a son of a teacher.

d) John Donne’s father was famous beyond his circle. .

e) His father breathed his last in 1576.

6. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words. (1×5=5)

Honesty is a great virtue. It helps a man to (a)________ in life. An honest man is loved and (b)_______ by all. Nobody believes a (c)_____ man. A man may be (d)­­­­­­­_______ ­­by means of dishonesty but that is short lived. A dishonest man (e) ________ in the long run.

7. Rearrange the following sentences in correct order. (1×10=10)

a) One said, “I have lost my husband”.

b) A poor woman once came to Buddha.

c) The sorrowful mother went from door to door seeking the mustard seeds but at every door she met with sad replies.

d) She returned with a heavy heart to the great teacher and told him the result of her great search.

e) He told her that there was only one medicine which could revive her son.

f) Another said, “Our youngest child died last year.”

g) Then Buddha told her affectionately that she must not think much of her own grief-since sorrow and death are common to all.

h) The holy man was touched by the great sorrow of the woman.

i) She asked him whether he could give her any medicine to restore her dead child to life.

j) He told her to bring a handful of mustard seeds from a’ house where death had never entered.

8. Fill in the gaps using clues from the boxes. There are more words than necessary. (5×10=5)

withwhatseekwhodesireshave
bringswordlyforratherhashappiness

It is true that complete (a)______ does not exist in (b)_________ life. A man cannot (c)___________ all the things that he (d)_______ in life. It is better not to (e)________       more and more of a thing, (f)________ one should be satisfied (g)_______ what one gets. Contentment is the key to happiness. One should not always think about (h)______ he does not have. There are some people (i)_______ think’ that it is money that (j)________ happiness in life.

9.The phrases in column A are the beginnings of some sentences. The phrases in column B are the endings. Match the phrases in column A with the phrases in column B to make complete sentences.  ( 1×5=5)

Column AColumn B
(i) Frustration is the cause(a) not only a national but also a global problem
(ii) Drugs kill the addicts(b) effect on human body
(iii) Drugs bear a terrible(c) slowly but surely
(iv) Addiction means(d) of drug addiction
(v) Drug addiction is ‘(e) strong attraction for harmful things

Section B – Writing Test

10. Suppose, you are Rana/Rani and you have a friend named Ripon/Runa. Your friend is interested in a reading newspaper. Now, write a dialogue between you and your friend about the importance of reading newspaper.(10)

11.Write a paragraph on ‘A Tea Stall’ by answering the following questions ( 10)

a)What is a tea stall? b) Where is it found? c) How is it furnished? d) What things are sold here? e) What do the customers do in the tea stall?

12.Read the beginning of the story. Complete it in about 150 words in your own way:(10)

Once there lived a farmer in a village. He had a wonderful goose and it laid a golden egg every morning. One day ————

13.Suppose, you are Moni/Munia. You have a friend named Rahim/Rahima. Now, write a letter to your friend describing what you intend to do after JSC Examination.(10)